Participatory Groundwater Management is a lifelong process. During this project tenure, comprehensive concept of PGWM has been executed in the region that includes action, research, water security planning, groundwater recharge activity implementation, groundwater demand management, community mobilization, local knowledge center as research lab, Bhujal Jankar cadre and awareness, advocacy. Socio economic and base line has been done for each village. Total 30 sites has been set for action research agenda. Water security plan has been prepared for 19 villages and hand over to village panchayat. Groundwater monitoring has been set for 664 borewells along with 10 rain observatory. 05 farmer groups have been formed to demonstrate agriculture practices. As a part of capacity building and awareness, about 4000 people have been influenced directly.

Through implementation, 3,54,235 cum volume of water has been recharged to groundwater. Through conservation activities, 39,000 water has been conserved. The impact of intervention has been monitored that shows average 8 to 20 meter rise in water level while TDS values has been diluted with rate of 1500 to 2000 mg/l. the groundwater quality is improved as per drinking water potability.

Tangible and intangible impacts

BJs are proving to be significant change agents and through their scientific measurement, understanding and communication in project village cluster and on aquifer. They are also an important interface between researchers and village communities.

Due to K-MARC project, there is significant information now available about the various community centric techniques for groundwater recharge, threat and potential areas within aquifer, groundwater quality, water levels in different part of aquifer for various type of use of groundwater including drinking purposes.

The initiated process of formation of male and female farmer groups and their collective decision-making processes for groundwater usages based on crop water budgeting is an evidence for other to move for self-reliance and sustainable groundwater management in cluster as well as in different part of aquifer and district.

As result of successful demonstrations of defunct bore well recharge, river bed recharge, NB 21, and use of deposited silts as soil amendments in farmlands many farmers groups such as Bidada Kadva Patidar Samaj, Kisan Sangh have started mobilizing their stake holders to adapt this technique and started implementations their own. Besides, the district administration has organized a training program for their technical program staff for inclusion of such practices in IWMP, MNERAGA programs.

So far water quality and water level depletion issues are concerned, the K-MARC interventions have made significant changes in water quality in many project villages that can easily see through reduction in TDS, especially in drinking water sources. The TDS concentrations has reduced by 500 to 3000 mg/lit while water level depletion has stopped in nearby recharge structures where farmers have raised their pumps by 6 mts. earlier they were lowering the pumps every year by 6-8 mts.